Section 5: Dynamics of Revolution

Such is the dependence of the development of the relations of production on the development of the productive forces of society, and primarily, on the development of the instruments of production, the dependence by virtue of which the changes and development of the productive forces sooner or later lead to corresponding changes and development of Read more about Section 5: Dynamics of Revolution[…]

Section 4: The Stages of Social Development

Five main types of relations of production are known to history: primitive communal, slave, feudal, capitalist and socialist. The basis of the relations of production under the primitive communal system is that the means of production are socially owned. This in the main corresponds to the character of the productive forces of that period. Stone Read more about Section 4: The Stages of Social Development[…]

Section 3: The Material Basis of Society

It now remains to elucidate the following question: What, from the viewpoint of historical materialism, is meant by the “conditions of material life of society” which in the final analysis determine the physiognomy of society, its ideas, views, political institutions, etc.? What, after all, are these “conditions of material life of society,” what are their Read more about Section 3: The Material Basis of Society[…]

Section 2: Materialism

As to Marxist philosophical materialism, it is fundamentally the direct opposite of philosophical idealism. The principal features of Marxist philosophical materialism are as follows: a) Materialist Contrary to idealism, which regards the world as the embodiment of an “absolute idea,” a “universal spirit,” “consciousness,” Marx’s philosophical materialism holds that the world is by its very Read more about Section 2: Materialism[…]